James Marsh was the first to apply this new science to the art of forensics. He was called by the prosecution in a murder trial to give evidence as a chemist in 1832. The defendant, John Bodle, was accused of poisoning his grandfather with arsenic-laced coffee. It first made its way into the courts in 1986, when police in England asked molecular biologist Alec Jeffrey’s, who had begun investigating the use of DNA for forensics, to use DNA to verify the confession of a 17 year-old boy in two rape-murders in the English Midlands. The science of forensics is now recognized as a critical ingredient in law enforcement and the solution of crimes. Protecting a crime scene from contamination and gathering and interpreting evidence accurately have become some of the most critical ingredients in crime-solving. As a result, advances in technology are being applied to the finite and exacting field of forensic science, a field in which technical competency is achieved only by the synthesis of a number of factors, including training, experience, supervision, continuing education, proficiency and an appreciation of scientific methods and protocols projected against a background of stringent professional ethics.
Now that we are in the 21st century, forensic science must continue to develop and mature. In recent years, the blend of science and technology has enabled police to solve many crimes that once would have been considered beyond resolution. The State Police Crime Laboratory System is at the forefront of efforts to develop new scientific crime-fighting capabilities and methods, including the use of databanks, high-tech equipment, tele-forensics and training involving the use of simulated crime scenes. From the 16th century when medical practitioners began using forensic science to writing in the late 18th century that revealed the 1st evidence of modern pathology to the formation of the 1st school of forensic science in 1909, Archibald Reiss founded the Institute de police scientific of the University of Lausanne (UNIL) Switzerland, the first school of forensic science in the world. The Edmond Locard, became known as the “Sherlock Holmes of France”. The development of forensic science has been used to uncover mysteries solved crime and convict or exonerate suspect of crime of hundreds of years
The extraordinary scientific innovation and advancement in forensic science have allows it to become a highly developed science that involves a number of disciplines and thousands of forensic scientists specializing in everything from DNA and botany to dentistry and tool mark.